Schizophrenia is a complex group of mental disorders; however, different types of schizophrenia may have some of the same symptoms. Here are some of the subtypes of schizophrenia:
- Paranoid: People with this type are preoccupied with false beliefs (delusions) about being punished by someone; however their thinking, speech and emotions remain fairly normal.
- Disorganized: People will often be confused or incoherent and have jumbled speech. Their outward behavior may be emotionless, flat, or inappropriate. Their disorganized behavior may disrupt their ability to perform normal daily activities, such as showering or preparing a meal.
- Catatonic: The most evident symptom about people with this type of schizophrenia is that they are generally immobile and unresponsive to the world around them. They often become very rigid or stiff and unwilling to move. People with catatonic schizophrenia are at increased risk of malnutrition, exhaustion, or self-inflicting injury.
- Undifferentiated: This subtype is diagnosed when the person’s symptoms do not clearly represent one of the other three types.
- Residual: In this type, the severity of symptoms has decreased. Hallucinations, delusions, or other symptoms may still be present but are considerably less from when it was originally diagnosed.